The Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad (abbreviated as IIT (ISM)) is a public engineering and research institution located in Dhanbad, India. It was formerly known as Indian School of Mines and was a Deemed University before it got converted into an Institute of National Importance under the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961. IIT (ISM) is located in the mineral-rich region of India, in the city of Dhanbad. It is the third oldest institute (after IIT Roorkee and IIT (BHU) Varanasi) which got converted into an IIT. It was established by British Indian Government on the lines of the Royal School of Mines - London, and was formally inaugurated on 9 December 1926 by Lord Irwin, the then Viceroy of India. It started as an institution to impart mining education, and today, has grown into a technical institution with various academic departments. IIT (ISM) admits its undergraduate students through Joint Entrance Examination (Advanced), previously IIT-JEE.